Journal of Healthy Eating and Active Living 2021-09-23T15:09:03+00:00 Jay Maddock, Ph.D. Open Journal Systems <p>JHEAL is an international, online, open-access, quarterly, peer-reviewed journal focused on publishing high-quality studies in the areas of active living and healthy eating. Of particular interest are studies of the interactional nature between active living and/or healthy eating and the “environment”, broadly defined to include social, cultural, economic, political, natural, virtual and built dimensions. Papers that report on multi-level studies and interventions are also welcome. We publish full length reports, brief communications, meta-analyses, scoping reviews, translational and practice-based research, policy and systems change evaluations, natural experiment studies, case studies, notes from the field, commentaries, and systematic reviews. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies are all encouraged. Because we value the application of research, we invite submissions from researchers as well as practice- and policy-oriented submissions from practitioners, policy makers, and advocates. Research and practice/policy papers will have separately-labeled sections, and reviewers with appropriate expertise will be selected. We are also open to publishing digital media files including maps, visualizations and other modern media. </p> <p> </p> Neighborhood built environment impacts park use of diverse, low-income mothers and their children 2021-03-16T19:52:54+00:00 Lauren Mullenbach Lincoln Larson Myron Floyd Oriol Marquet Jing-Huei Huang Claudia Alberico Aaron Hipp <p>Built environment features, including parks, often exacerbate health disparities. We examined built environment perceptions and park use among a population at high risk for physical health outcomes: racially diverse, low-income mothers across the United States. Perceived safety from crime and living near a park were associated with more frequent park use for mothers and their children, and neighborhood walkability was linked to longer park visits. However, only 40% of mothers lived within a ten-minute walk from a park, and perceptions of walkability and safety from crime were low. To enhance physical activity and health of low-income mothers and their children, investments are needed to close disparities in park access and improve neighborhood safety.</p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lauren E. Mullenbach, Lincoln Larson, Myron Floyd, Oriol Marquet, Jing-Huei Huang, Claudia Alberico, J. Aaron Hipp Systematic observation of physical distancing behaviors of trail users during the COVID-19 pandemic 2021-04-19T18:21:54+00:00 Thomas Bias Shay Daily Christiaan Abildso Heather Venrick Elizabeth Shay Samantha Moyers Adam Hege Vaike Haas Angela Dyer Robert Broce Richard Christiana <p>During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, opportunities for indoor and sometimes outdoor recreation were restricted across the world.&nbsp;&nbsp; Despite restrictions, many greenways and rail-trails saw increased use.&nbsp; Messaging from the federal and state public health authorities stressed the importance of social distancing and other preventive measures in reducing spread of the coronavirus. &nbsp;Little is known about actual behaviors of individuals and groups using these outdoor recreational opportunities.&nbsp; This study used passive infrared cameras to systematically observe physical distancing behaviors on multi-user trails to assess safety implications of trail use during June 2020. Most interactions occurred with the recommended six feet of distance between users. Maintaining six feet of distance is more likely to occur when groups are no larger than one person, users pass while traveling in opposite directions, and trails are wider. Messaging on multi-user trails should target how groups pass other groups such as: ‘keep six feet’ and ‘pass single file’.</p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Thomas Bias, Shay Daily, Christiaan Abildso, Heather Venrick, Elizabeth Shay, Samantha Moyers, Adam Hege, Vaike Haas, Angela Dyer, Robert Broce, Richard Christiana Examining the Validity and Reliability of Measures for Individual-Level Constructs related to Implementation of School-Based Physical Activity Approaches 2021-07-12T18:19:43+00:00 Timothy Walker Derek Craig Jacob Szeszulski Maria Fernandez <p>Valid and reliable measures are important to understanding the implementation of physical activity approaches in schools. The study purpose is to examine the psychometric properties of measures of individual-level constructs (knowledge, attitudes, outcome expectations, self-efficacy, innovativeness, and support) in the context of implementing school-based physical activity approaches. We collected data from a sample of elementary school employees (administrators, classroom teachers, physical educators, and support staff) from an urban school district in southeast Texas. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models were used to examine structural validity. We also examined correlations between constructs to assess discriminant and convergent validity. Last, we used a CFA-based approach to examine point estimates for reliability. The analytic sample consisted of 205 employees. CFA results for each individual measure revealed good-fitting models for most measures (χ<sup>2</sup>(df)&gt;0.05, RMSEA&lt;0.08, CFI&gt;0.90, TLI&gt;0.90, SRMR≤0.07). A combined model that included all the measures also indicated good fit across indices: χ2(306)=485, p&lt;0.001; RMSEA=0.05, CFI=0.93, TLI=0.92, SRMR=0.07. All correlations between constructs were &lt;0.70, and all but one construct (innovativeness) demonstrated moderate correlations with support for classroom-based physical activity approaches (&gt;0.30). In addition, reliability point estimates were all &gt;0.70. The measures tested in this study were found to have good reliability, as well as good structural, discriminant, and convergent validity. These measures are useful in efforts to better understand how individual-level constructs relate to implementation behaviors for physical activity approaches in schools.</p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Timothy Walker, Derek Craig, Jacob Szeszulski, Maria Fernandez Systematic Review of Active Travel to School Surveillance in the United States And Canada 2021-06-03T14:40:27+00:00 Mary Wolfe Noreen McDonald Emily Ussery Stephanie George Kathleen Watson <p>Active travel to school is one way youth can incorporate physical activity into their daily schedule. It is unclear the extent to which active travel to school is systematically monitored at local, state, or national levels. To determine the extent of active travel to school surveillance in North America and catalog the types of measures captured, we conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature documenting active travel to school surveillance published from 2004 to February 2018. A study was included if it addressed children’s school travel mode across two or more time-periods in North America. Criteria were applied to determine whether a data source was considered an active travel to school surveillance system. We identified 15 unique data sources; 4 of these met our surveillance system criteria. One system is conducted in the US, is nationally representative, and occurs every 5-8 years. Three are conducted in Canada, are limited geographically to regions and provinces, and are administered with greater frequency (e.g., 2-year cycles). &nbsp;School travel mode was the primary measure assessed, most commonly through parent report. None of the systems collected data on school policies or program supports related to active travel to school. We conclude that incorporating questions related to active travel to school behaviors into existing surveillance systems, and maintaining them over time, would enable more consistent monitoring. Concurrently capturing behavioral information along with related environmental, policy, and program supports may inform efforts to promote active travel to school.</p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mary Wolfe, Noreen McDonald, Emily Ussery, Stephanie George, Kathleen Watson A Scoping Review of the Health Benefits of Nature-Based Physical Activity 2021-07-12T17:56:59+00:00 Richard W. Christiana Gina M. Besenyi Jeanette Gustat Teresa H. Horton Teresa L. Penbrooke Courtney L. Schultz <p>The health benefits of physical activity and spending time in nature are well established. However, children and adults in the United States are not participating in sufficient levels of physical activity and are not spending much time outdoors. Recently, increased access to nature for the health and wellness of all populations has seen growing public health attention, though a specific focus on nature-based physical activity has been limited. The purpose of this scoping review is to operationalize the health benefits of nature-based physical activity to provide guidance to program administrators, advocates, and researchers for nature-based physical activity to facilitate collaborations. Peer-reviewed literature was searched in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and Google Scholar as well as in published reviews of the literature. The literature was divided into three categories of: 1) amount and location of nature-based components and physical activity; 2) added health benefits of exposure to nature-based components and physical activity; and 3) nature-based components and physical activity effect on non-white, marginalized, and vulnerable populations. This review supports and encourages multiple strategies to increase nature-based physical activity as this provides even greater benefit to health and wellness than exposure to nature or physical activity alone. Although many of the physical and mental health benefits of nature and physical activity are well established, additional research is needed to better understand the relationship between exposure to nature and nature-based physical activity. However, the existing information justifies the promotion of nature-based physical activities in public health initiatives.</p> 2021-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Richard W. Christiana, Gina M. Besenyi, Jeanette Gustat, Teresa H. Horton, Teresa L. Penbrooke, Courtney L. Schultz